A Vitamin is definitely an organic molecule needed with a living organism in minute amounts
for correct health. A living thing missing out on all causes of a specific vitamin
will ultimately are afflicted by disease signs and symptoms specific to that particular vitamin.
Vitamins could be considered either water soluble, meaning they dissolve
easily in water, or fat soluble, which ensures they are absorbed with the
digestive tract with the aid of lipids.
Generally, a living thing must obtain vitamins or their metabolic precursors from
outdoors your body, most frequently in the organism’s diet. Types of vitamins that
the body can be a consequence of precursors include vit a, which may be
created from beta carotene niacin in the amino acidity tryptophan and vitamin
D through exposure of skin to ultraviolet light.
The term vitamin was created through the Polish biochemist Casimir Funk in 1912. Vita
in Latin is existence and also the -amin suffix is brief for amine at that time it had been
believed that all vitamins were amines. Though this really is now considered to be incorrect,
the name has stuck.
In humans, you will find 13 vitamins, split into two groups, the 4 fat
soluble vitamins (A, D, E and K) and also the nine water soluble vitamins (eight B
vitamins and ascorbic acid).
A few of the vitamins are known by other names in older literature. Vitamin B2 is
also called Vitamin G. Vitamin B7, or biotin is also called
“Vitamin H.” Vitamin B9, or folate along with other folates such “Vitamin M
-Pteryl-tri-glutamic acidity” are known as Folicin. Niacinamide can also be
known as “Vitamin PP”, a reputation produced from the obsolete term
“pellagra-stopping factor”. A number of other essential nutritional substances were
initially known as vitamins and therefore are now classified differently.